The FDA has given the green light for a new meningitis vaccine. Manufacturers of the new vaccine, called Menactra, say the vaccine lasts long enough to protect students through all of their college years, instead of the current vaccines, which require booster shots. About 3,000 cases of bacterial meningitis are reported each year in the United States. Death rates for the disease are highest among college aged people. The vaccine is made by the French company Sanofi Pasteur. For more information on bacterial meningitis, ( click here ).
New research is adding to the list of risks associated with hormone replacement therapy. A new study finds women taking estrogen or a combination of estrogen and progestin have at least a 60% to 70% higher risk for gallstones and surgery to remove the gallbladder. Researchers say it's important for women to add these risks to the equation when deciding if hormone replacement therapy is right for them. The study was led by researchers at the University of Iowa, Iowa City. At this point, doctors do not know if the risks go away when women stop taking the pills, or if the risks continue for some time after. They hope to study that in the future. The study is published in The Journal of the American Medical Association.
A whiff of a certain scent can improve your mood or even reduce your stress. That's the conclusion of a study by the Smell and Taste Research and Treatment Foundation in Chicago. Yes, there is such a place and the scent scientists there have determined the smell of fresh spruce creates a happy feeling. While the pleasant odor of vanilla helps reduce anxiety and leaves you feeling relaxed. There's even a smell to give your love interest the right signal according to smell science, "cucumber melon" is good for romance.